FEEDING THE SENSES: NARRATING FOOD ACROSS MEDIA
This page provides updates on my new research project Feeding the Senses: Narrating Food across Media
Feeding the Senses extends cognitive ecocritical analysis to a range of media beyond literature and film, and with its focus on food it turns to a subject that is extremely relevant to a range of cultural discourses in the contemporary world, ranging from health, hedonism and beauty to issues of justice, animal rights and sustainability. At the same time our relationship to food is extremely personal. Food concerns everyone everywhere, and we all tend to have emotionally fraught relationships to the things we put inside our bodies on a daily basis. From existential fear to the greatest delight, food cues strong emotions not only in the act of eating (or not eating), but also during our consumption of images and narratives in a wide range of media, including film and television formats of all kinds, photography and visual art, literature, food blogs, music, and even computer games.
The project explores the very different and yet related ways in which such depictions and narrativization of food engage audiences on the sensual and emotional level. It is also interested in the intriguing moments when food – the way it looks, smells, tastes and gives sustenance to a body – is translated from one medium into another in a complex act of sensory transposition. Because food has such strong sensual properties it is a particular interesting subject for a consideration of processes of liberated embodied simulation (Gallese and Wojciehowski, 2011) in the human brain during reading, listening and watching. The aim of the project is to demonstrate that a cognitive ecocritical approach can give us fascinating insights not only into the moments of pain and shame we might experience during the watching of a documentary focusing on animal slaughter or food-related environmental destruction, and the pleasure we feel while watching cooking shows. It also helps us understand why an imaginary culinary experience can change drastically as it gets transposed from one medium to another.
Nurturing the Mind: Food as Cultural Memory in Indian American Literature and Film
This chapter is interested in how the complex relationships between food, memory, and culture are represented and evoked in ethnic American cultural texts. It considers a conjunction of literature and film, both fiction and nonfiction, that represent and remember the culinary traditions of India and, by extension, those of Indian Americans. Making connections between empirical-scientific and historical-interpretative levels of analysis, the chapter demonstrates that narrated food memories – along with the sensual evocation of the remembered dishes and their preparation – play an important role in how writers and filmmakers invite their audiences to appreciate and/or celebrate the food and cultural identity of an ethnic minority group.
(for Cultural Memory, edited by Donald Wehrs, Suzanne Nalbantian and Don Tucker. Forthcoming from Routledge)
Stories, Love, and Baklava: Narrating Food in Diana Abu Jaber’s Culinary Memoirs
Diana Abu-Jaber’s culinary memoirs, The Language of Baklava (2005) and Life without a Recipe (2011) trace her life journey from the United States to Jordan and back, highlighting the crucial role that food has played on those transnational relocations. The essay approaches Abu-Jaber’s memoirs from a cognitive narratological angle to highlight how the texts’ affectively charged food memories are related to issues of language and cultural identity while also serving as a formal structuring device. It argues that the combination of vivid evocations—in which the dishes come sensually alive for readers who may not be familiar with their ingredients, scents, textures, or colors—and accompanying recipes not only uses ethnic food as a cultural bridge. It also encourages readers to use the memoirs as cookbooks and to thereby extend their engagement with Arab-American culture beyond the reading experience.
Published in Alexa Weik von Mossner, Marijana Mikić, and Mario Grill, eds. 2022. Ethnic American LIteratures and Critical Race Narratology. New York and London: Routledge.
Feeling Bad? Veganism, Climate Change, and the Rhetoric of Cowspiracy
Veganism is a deeply emotional affair and so are the cultural texts that advocate it. The essay takes a closer look at Kip Andersen and Keegan Kuhn’s Cowspiracy, a bold documentary that has been remarkably successful (and controversial) in making viewers uncomfortable about the relationship between the consumption of animal products and another issue they tend to feel bad about: climate change. The film uncovers a truth that many people are still unaware of: the fact that our personal food choices have an impact on the climate. The essay discusses Cowspiracy‘s impact on viewers in light of scholarship on the “rhetorical form” of documentary film (Bordwell and Thompson 2001) as well as relevant literature on vegan advocacy, climate change communication, and climate veganism.
Published in Hanganu-Bresch, Cristina and Kristin Kondrlik (eds). 2021. Veg(etari)an Arguments in Culture, History, and Practice: The V Word. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
Screening Veganism: The Production, Rhetoric, and Reception of Vegan Advocacy Films
The essay looks at how vegan advocacy films get conceived, financed, produced, distributed and promoted, from no-budget productions to crowd-funding campaigns and the involvement of Hollywood celebrities such as Leonardo DiCaprio. Moreover, it explores how such films tap into other discourses such as speciesism, animal rights, diet, climate change, and celebrity culture to bolster their arguments for adopting a vegan diet and/or lifestyle. In this context, the essay will also explore some of the narrative strategies employed in these films. Through these different routes of analysis, the essay gives insight in how (and by whom) vegan advocacy films get produced and what narrative strategies they consider most effective in order to reach their goals.
Published in Laura Wright, ed. 2020. The Routledge Handbook of Vegan Studies. New York and London: Routledge.
Narrating Human and Animal Oppression: Strategic Empathy and Intersectionalism in Alice Walker’s “Am I Blue?” (with Wojciech Małecki and Małgorzata Dobrowolska)
Alice Walker’s essay “Am I Blue?’ has been claimed as an important intervention by social justice groups and animal rights activists alike, but in 1994, the California School Board also banned the essay for being “anti-meat-eating.” The study combines a narratological analysis of the text with the results of several experiments that tested the essay’s impact on actual readers’ attitudes toward animal welfare in general and toward horses, specifically. In addition, the study pays attention to the essay’s metaphorical dimension, which does not shy away from making what Marjorie Spiegel has called the “dreaded comparison”: an acknowledgement of the similarities between the enslavement of black people and the enslavement of animals. This combination of textual, contextual, and experimental modes of investigation demonstrates that the attitudinal impact of Walker’s essay is in fact far more complex and context-dependent than has been previously claimed.
Published in Interdisciplinary Studies in Literature and Environment 27.2 (2020): 365-84.
How We Feel about (Not) Eating Animals: Vegan Studies and Cognitive Ecocriticism
The essay aims to draw connections between two emerging research fields within the environmental humanities: vegan studies and cognitive ecocriticism. It suggests that a cognitive ecocritical approach drawing on the insights of affective neuroscience and cognitive ethology can complement the cultural studies side of vegan studies by turning our attention to the ways in which texts and films invite us to feel about animals, food, and the relationship between the two. It is particularly interested in the transformative potential of a range of negative and positive emotions that are cued by texts that critically investigate our relationship with food.
Published in Wright, Laura (ed.) 2019. Through a Vegan Studies Lens: Textual Ethics and Lived Activism. Reno: University of Nevada Press